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Excavation operations of the various stratigraphic contexts of Vigna Masci have allowed the recovery of a considerable quantity of metal artefacts, in almost all cases of iron artefacts. There are also two bone findings and two coins. These are artifacts related to everyday life, connoted by a strong functional imprint, which allow us to broaden the framework of the material culture of this multi-layered settlement. The state of conservation is extremely variable: we move from intact specimens to others that are completely fragmentary and as such lack, in many cases, the elements necessary for their functional classification. If for some artefacts it has been possible to provide precise dates, for others we have limited ourselves to a generic chronological classification, referring to the dating of archaeological deposits.

Alongside the objects referable to agricultural and craft activities in general, a small quantity of elements strictly connected to the activities of carpentry, in particular nails, has been found. The artifacts may have been used in the nailing of the wooden structures of the building's roof. As regards the place of production of the manufactured articles object of this analysis, it must be said that the discovery of small scraps derived from the processing of iron could be a good indication to hypothesize the carrying out of metallurgical activities, albeit on a small scale, functional to the production of simple and current use items such as the elements related to the carpentry and the agricultural and domestic tools in general, instruments which, by their very nature, did not require a particular technical skill in the realization phase.

The material therefore includes various groupings related to functional aspects: objects of the building (nails), door frames (key), work tools (sickle, wedge), related to the kitchen (knives) or to domestic activities in general. In particular, the partially preserved sickle, characterized by a blade with a semi- lunar profile, can probably be identified with the so-called falx arboraria. The presence of this sample could confirm the cereal vocation of the site, attested in the Daunia district starting from the Neolithic age up to more recent times.

Antonio Bruscella

 

Origin: US 100
Bone
Height 1,2 in.; length 0,6 in.
Incomplete
Inv. n. 237585

Circle arc profile, cable, with signs of working outside. Tripartite element by grooves, trunk at one end, finished at the other.

Origin: US 23
Bone
Height 1,3 in.; length 7,6 in.
Intact
Inv. n. 237606

Elongated tubular element, slightly curved, resulting from the processing of a stage, probably of deer. At the ends, there are two through holes.
On a stratigraphic basis this artifact can be dated to the 12th-13th century A.D.

Origin: US 114
Bronze, coinage
Ø 0,9 in.; g. 2,4
Intact
Inv. n. 237593
Dating: 1085-1087
Mint of Mileto

D/ R/ + CA […] in the field, T between three globes, within a linear circle; around circle of beads within double linear circle.
R/ pearl cross.
The CALABRIE·ET·SICILIE legend is abbreviated by excluding some letters. The presence of the characteristic TAU in the follari of Ruggiero I Grand Count allows the assignment to the mint of Mileto.

Origin: US 123
Copper, coinage
Ø 0,7 in.; g. 2,1
Intact
Inv. n. 237584
Dating: 323-361 AD
Mint of southern Italy

D/ D N CONSTANTIVS PF AVG
Graduate head, facing right, with beaded band and cords behind the neck.
R/ FEL TEMP REPARATIO
Legionnaire who stabs a knight.

Origin: US 67
Iron
Height 1 in.; length 7,6 in.
Intact
Inv. n. 237601

Single-edged blade, straight; slightly arched back; shank with quadrangular section, pointed.

Origin: US 67
Iron
Height 0,9 in.; length 4,5 in.
Incomplete
Inv. n. 237602

Single-edged blade, straight; distinct tang, ribbon-like.

Origin: US 64
Iron
Height 1,06 in.; length 6 in.
Incomplete
Inv. n. FG49051

Ligula in the form of trapezoidal foil, very thin; connecting element to the tang with a rectangular shape and cross-section; quadrangular shank with pointed ends.

Origin: US 114
Iron
Height 0,9 in.; length 6,7 in.
Incomplete
Inv. n. 237597

U-bent birch at one end with flattened flanges with a foliated profile.

Origin: US 25
Iron
Height 1 in.; length 5,2 in.
Incomplete
Inv. n. FG40502

Single-edged blade, straight; curved back; grafting to the handle slightly distinct from the blade; shank with mineralized wooden traces, referable to the presence of original wooden cheeks.

Origin: US 25
Iron
Height 1 in.; length 2,8 in.
Incomplete
Inv. n. FG49053

Birch with semicircular profile, ribbon-like, with holes for nailing.

Origin: US 32
Iron
Height 0,9 in.; length 5,4 in.
Incomplete
Inv. n. 237581

Single-edged blade, slightly curved; straight back; distinct tang, ribbon-like.

Origin: US 7
Iron
Length 3,3 in.
Incomplete
Inv. n. FG48931

Birch with rectangular section slightly enlarged on the head and pointed at the opposite end. The morphological type leads back to an instrument used as a stonemason.

Origin: US 1
Iron
Height 0,8 in.; length 2,2 in.
Incomplete
Inv. n. FG48895

Handle with circular profile; stem with rectangular section; map of subquadrangular shape, hollow inside. Dating in the fourth century. A.D.

Origin: US 23
Iron
Height 0,5 in.; length 0,9 in.
Intact
Inv. n. FG48934

Sub-rectangular shaped head; stem with quadrangular section.

Origin: US 7
Iron
Ø pinhead 1,2 in.; length 1,6 in.
Incomplete
Inv. n. FG48897

Spherical cap head, stem with quadrangular section.

Origin: US 7
Iron
Length 2,7 in.; width 1 in.
Incomplete
Inv. n. FG48898

Truncated conical shape, full. It is possible to be a wedge.

Origin: US 7
Iron
Height 0,4 in.; length 3,9 in.;
Incomplete
Inv. n. FG48899

Elongated shape, ribbon-like.

Origin: US 7
Iron
Height 1,2 in.; length 4,9 in.
Incomplete
Inv. n. FG48900

Elongated blade, ribbon-like, to original semilunate development.

Origin: US 1
Iron
Height 0,4 in.; length 6,5 in.
Incomplete
Inv. n. FG49011

Stem with quadrangular section..

 

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